The idea of “building wealth” isn’t just for rich people.
In fact, if the word “wealth” has you envisioning fancy people spending summers in Cinque Terre on their private yachts, it might be time to reconsider what wealth really means. Wealth, in general, can mean ensuring that you have enough to adequately cover what you need and to keep you happy while also possibly providing you with a little extra on the side for what you just plain want.
The best part is you don’t have to be a financial planner to build wealth — there are some easy things everyone can start doing.
1. Know Your Net Worth
To build wealth, you need to start at the beginning. If you haven’t already, take stock of your net worth (your assets minus your liabilities) and try tracking it for at least a couple months (the longer, the better) to see how it’s trending. (You can view two of your credit scores for free on Credit.com.) Obviously, it’s ideal for your net worth to be getting larger rather than smaller, but if it isn’t, step two will be important.
2. Keep Track of Your Spending
You can’t really build wealth if you aren’t sure where you’re spending your money. Whether you use an aggregate site to track where your money goes out, an Excel spreadsheet, an old-fashioned checkbook or regular old pen and paper, it might seem silly to pay attention to every purchase you make, but only when you start to notice patterns in your spending can you really make cuts where and when you might need to.
For example, if you determine you’re spending more than you’re making, look for adjustable costs you could potentially reduce or eliminate immediately (cable, gym memberships, extraneous spending, etc.). If the problem is your larger costs — student loans, how much you pay in rent or your car payment — it could be time to consider reconsolidating your loans or potentially moving to a more affordable apartment, getting a cheaper car or opting for public transportation, if possible.
3. Make the Most of Free Money
Very few things in life are free, so when something is, it’s foolish not to take advantage. If your company offers a 401K match that you aren’t taking advantage of, you are leaving free money on the table. Talk to your human resources representative about your company’s policy, and adjust your allocations if there is a match you aren’t currently getting.
It also might be worth making sure your savings and checking accounts are the best options for you. If you’re paying extraneous fees or think you could be earning more interest elsewhere, it’s worth researching the best place to help your assets grow.
4. Get a Card With Rewards That Suit You
If your current credit card isn’t cutting it, find one that is. There are great options out there for any type of reward that would be best for your lifestyle, whether for travel, groceries or cash back. Use this guide to help find a credit card that’s right for you, or check out our roundup of the best credit cards to help you build credit.
5. Think Ahead
It’s not always easy to plan for the future when you’re trying to scrape by day by day, but if you can think of any large expenses that might be happening later this year or next, you’ll be ahead of the game. When you start planning for large expenses with enough time to save up, you’ll be less likely to put them on your credit card and potentially have to pay interest on them.
You might want to consider any upcoming travel plans, plans to potentially buy a house or get married, health insurance deductibles for any planned medical procedures, potential taxes you’ll owe, etc. (See more about paying taxes here.)
6. Save, Save & Save Some More
You need to have an emergency savings account. Experts recommend keeping three to six months of expenses in an easy-to-access account, just in case something pops up.
If you have started saving and you’re serious about increasing your net worth, consider putting any tax refunds or pay raises directly into savings, or split them between savings and retirement accounts. If you already did your research from step three and found a good savings account, your pay raise will be even more meaningful when it’s compounded daily with interest.