Home > Credit Score > Can I Sue My Bank for Ruining My Credit?

Comments 0 Comments

If your credit has been destroyed and you think your bank or credit card issuer is to blame, you may, in fact, have some legal recourse. But you’ve got some work to do leading up to your day in court.

The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires financial institutions (and other data furnishers) to provide fair and accurate information to the credit reporting agencies. So if there’s an error (or errors) on your credit reports that’s severely damaging your score, and the issuer continues to report it, you could file a suit — after you’ve clued in the credit bureaus and given the financial institution a chance to conduct a reasonable investigation.

“The consumer cannot sue the issuer unless the consumer writes a dispute letter to the credit reporting agency first,” Troy Doucet, a consumer attorney in Columbus, Ohio, said in an email. “If the dispute letter does not result in a correction, then the consumer can sue the issuer.”

The Lay of the Law

To illustrate proper protocol, Doucet provided the following example: Let’s say your bank is reporting a late payment on your credit card to a major credit bureau — information that’s false because the bank accidentally credited your check to someone else’s account.

“You have proof your check was cashed, so you send a letter to [the bureau] disputing the late payment,” he said. The bureau “contacts your bank and the bank refuses to update the credit report. You can then sue your bank under the FCRA for failing to update the false information.”

There are a few other instances where a person may be able to file a claim against a bank regarding their bad credit.

For instance, if “ruined credit causes someone not to get a job or not to get another loan, then they may have a cause of action against their bank for ‘interference of contract’ or ‘interference of business relations,'” Doucet said. “They might also have a claim under state law consumer protection statutes.”

That said, courts generally don’t permit people to file defamation claims for false credit reporting.

“Most courts have determined that the information in a credit report is not sufficiently ‘public’ to trigger that kind of violation,” Doucet said.

Dealing With Bad Credit

Remember, it’s important to check your credit reports regularly for errors that could be behind a bad score. You can do so by pulling your credit reports for free each year and viewing your free credit report summary, updated each month, on Credit.com. If you do discover something amiss, you should notify the credit bureau(s) in question. You can learn how to dispute errors on your credit report here.

If you’re having trouble getting issues resolved, you may want to seek some outside help. A reputable credit repair company, for instance, will be upfront about exactly how it can and cannot help you and won’t promise a specific improvement to your credit score (that’s illegal). You could also consult a consumer attorney about a potential claim. You can go here to learn more generally about fixing your credit.

More on Credit Reports & Credit Scores:

Image: KatarzynaBialasiewicz

Comments on articles and responses to those comments are not provided or commissioned by a bank advertiser. Responses have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by a bank advertiser. It is not a bank advertiser's responsibility to ensure all posts and/or questions are answered.

Please note that our comments are moderated, so it may take a little time before you see them on the page. Thanks for your patience.

Certain credit cards and other financial products mentioned in this and other articles on Credit.com News & Advice may also be offered through Credit.com product pages, and Credit.com will be compensated if our users apply for and ultimately sign up for any of these cards or products. However, this relationship does not result in any preferential editorial treatment.

Hello, Reader!

Thanks for checking out Credit.com. We hope you find the site and the journalism we produce useful. We wanted to take some time to tell you a bit about ourselves.

Our People

The Credit.com editorial team is staffed by a team of editors and reporters, each with many years of financial reporting experience. We’ve worked for places like the New York Times, American Banker, Frontline, TheStreet.com, Business Insider, ABC News, NBC News, CNBC and many others. We also employ a few freelancers and more than 50 contributors (these are typically subject matter experts from the worlds of finance, academia, politics, business and elsewhere).

Our Reporting

We take great pains to ensure that the articles, video and graphics you see on Credit.com are thoroughly reported and fact-checked. Each story is read by two separate editors, and we adhere to the highest editorial standards. We’re not perfect, however, and if you see something that you think is wrong, please email us at editorial team [at] credit [dot] com,

The Credit.com editorial team is committed to providing our readers and viewers with sound, well-reported and understandable information designed to inform and empower. We won’t tell you what to do. We will, however, do our best to explain the consequences of various actions, thereby arming you with the information you need to make decisions that are in your best interests. We also write about things relating to money and finance we think are interesting and want to share.

In addition to appearing on Credit.com, our articles are syndicated to dozens of other news sites. We have more than 100 partners, including MSN, ABC News, CBS News, Yahoo, Marketwatch, Scripps, Money Magazine and many others. This network operates similarly to the Associated Press or Reuters, except we focus almost exclusively on issues relating to personal finance. These are not advertorial or paid placements, rather we provide these articles to our partners in most cases for free. These relationships create more awareness of Credit.com in general and they result in more traffic to us as well.

Our Business Model

Credit.com’s journalism is largely supported by an e-commerce business model. Rather than rely on revenue from display ad impressions, Credit.com maintains a financial marketplace separate from its editorial pages. When someone navigates to those pages, and applies for a credit card, for example, Credit.com will get paid what is essentially a finder’s fee if that person ends up getting the card. That doesn’t mean, however, that our editorial decisions are informed by the products available in our marketplace. The editorial team chooses what to write about and how to write about it independently of the decisions and priorities of the business side of the company. In fact, we maintain a strict and important firewall between the editorial and business departments. Our mission as journalists is to serve the reader, not the advertiser. In that sense, we are no different from any other news organization that is supported by ad revenue.

Visitors to Credit.com are also able to register for a free Credit.com account, which gives them access to a tool called The Credit Report Card. This tool provides users with two free credit scores and a breakdown of the information in their Experian credit report, updated twice monthly. Again, this tool is entirely free, and we mention that frequently in our articles, because we think that it’s a good thing for users to have access to data like this. Separate from its educational value, there is also a business angle to the Credit Report Card. Registered users can be matched with products and services for which they are most likely to qualify. In other words, if you register and you find that your credit is less than stellar, Credit.com won’t recommend a high-end platinum credit card that requires an excellent credit score You’d likely get rejected, and that’s no good for you or Credit.com. You’d be no closer to getting a product you need, there’d be a wasted inquiry on your credit report, and Credit.com wouldn’t get paid. These are essentially what are commonly referred to as "targeted ads" in the world of the Internet. Despite all of this, however, even if you never apply for any product, the Credit Report Card will remain free, and none of this will impact how the editorial team reports on credit and credit scores.

Our Owners

Credit.com is owned by Progrexion Holdings Inc. which is the owner and administrator of a number of business related to credit and credit repair, including CreditRepair.com, and eFolks. In addition, Progrexion also provides services to Lexington Law Firm as a third party provider. Despite being owned by Progrexion, it is not the role of the Credit.com editorial team to advocate the use of the company’s other services. In articles, reporters may mention credit repair as an option, for example, but we’ll also be sure to note the various alternatives to that service. Furthermore, you may see ads for credit repair services on Credit.com, but the editorial team isn’t responsible for the creation or implementation of those ads, anymore than reporters for the New York Times or Washington Post are responsible for the ads on their sites.

Your Stories

Lastly, much of what we do is informed by our own experiences as well as the experiences of our readers. We want to tell your stories if you’re interested in sharing them. Please email us at story ideas [at] credit [dot] com with ideas or visit us on Facebook or Twitter.

Thanks for stopping by.

- The Credit.com Editorial Team