Managing Debt

An Insider’s Guide to Fighting Medical Billing Mistakes

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When Heather’s daughter developed a reaction to an immunization, she took her back to the doctor. She knew she should not have been charged for the second visit. After all, she spent fourteen years working in medical billing and understood that the follow-up incidental visit should have been covered given the circumstances. However, the claim wasn’t properly coded and she found herself in the shoes of many of the patients she helped over the years, trying to fix a medical billing mistake.

Heather, who is leaving the field to pursue an accounting career, says that medical billing snafus are all-too-common. But don’t automatically blame the billing clerk, she says. Oftentimes, mistakes are made before the account even gets to the person responsible for submitting the claim to the insurance company.

“The number one problem I (saw) was not that the patient had not provided proper billing information, but that front desk employees failed to update the system,” she explains. As part of her job, she would research records and call patients before she sent accounts to collections and often discovered a mistake that allowed her to properly bill the insurer.

The problem may be getting worse, she worries, as medical practices consolidate into larger ones. She believes medical billing staff members with credible expertise are often underpaid and underappreciated, but at the same time she understands the frustration of the patients. “They have jobs, lives and pay substantial premiums only to be made responsible for billing errors made by medical billers,” she wrote in a comment on a previous story about these issues.

She shares these tips for avoiding a medical billing nightmare:

Verify Your File Contains Up-To-Date, Correct Insurance Information

The person at the front desk is often juggling multiple tasks and may not carefully check to make sure your information is correct. So while you are waiting to see the physician, you can double check yourself.

“Ask your provider for a printout of the ‘patient profile information screen’ from their system, which should list all of your insurance information,” she recommends. Make sure it’s 100% accurate. One insurance company may have hundreds of addresses and departments listed for processing claims, she explains, and if the claim isn’t submitted to them correctly, it may be kicked back.

Don’t assume that because you are still with the same insurance company that everything is the same. If you received a new insurance card since your last visit, you’ll want to make sure your file is updated. The billing address or other key information may have changed, making it important that you update the information. Keep the corrected and dated “patient profile information screen” for your records until you have verified the bill for that date has cleared.

Watch Your Mail

After you have seen the provider, watch for an Explanation of Benefits statement from your insurance carrier that will list your financial responsibility. You should receive it within approximately 30 — 45 days after your visit. If it doesn’t arrive, contact your provider immediately to find out why your insurance company has not been billed.

When you do receive the EOB, you may find it confusing. If you do, call your insurance company and ask them to help you decipher it.

If you believe there is a mistake, you’ll want to contact the provider’s billing office. When you do call, don’t be surprised if the person you speak to within the billing office doesn’t fully understand what’s going on. “You are not usually talking with the person who actually does the billing,” she says. “The person who you are talking with is likely a customer service representative and they may know very little about the process that has taken place or needs to take place.”

If you don’t feel like your problem is being properly handled, Heather recommends you:

  1. Call the provider’s office and ask for the exact amount of the services provided and a breakdown of the individual charges.
  2. Call the insurance company and ask them if they have a receipt of that claim.
  3. Then ask the insurance company if they will contact the provider on your behalf.

Don’t Let Them Balance Bill You

Medical providers who participate in insurance networks agree to a “fee schedule,” this is often changed and updated each year as a part of the provider’s “recredentialing process.” Along with the contract the healthcare provider is given a fee schedule, Heather explains, that shows what the allowable amount for each procedure (CPT code) will be. By accepting this agreement, the provider in turn agrees not to bill to the insurance carrier’s customers more than the allowable amount.

For example: A “doctor’s visit 99213” (CPT code) is a pretty standard office visit. The physician charges $110, the insurance carrier allows $58, and there may be a $30 copay. The insurance company will pay the provider $28, the patient pays $30 and the provider contractually must write-off, or as they call it, “discount” the remaining $52 from the patient’s account.

“This is more critical with expensive procedures like lab work, x-rays and the like,” she says, where charges may run in the hundreds or even thousands of dollars.

In addition, providers who are contracted with specific insurance companies (often called “participating providers”) must typically file a claim with the insurance company within 90 — 120 days, depending on the insurance carrier’s contract. If they fail to do so, then they can’t hold the patient responsible for those charges. If a provider tries to “balance bill” you, either for an amount they are supposed to discount, or because they failed to bill in a timely manner, enlist your insurance company’s help.

“Bottom line, healthcare providers sign contracts with insurance carriers to develop their patient pool, and patients unaware of the providers contractual obligation can unknowingly be held responsible,” she says.

Plan Ahead

Because hospital bills in particular can be very large and confusing, it’s a good idea to meet with the billing department in advance to go over your insurance information. At that time, ask for a list of expected procedures and a ballpark estimate of the anticipated costs. This is typically done for self-pay patients; insist upon the same for you. Then call your insurance company to also go over with them what’s covered and what is not. “You are the insurance company’s customer,” she insists. They should have a fee schedule that shows what they will pay.

If you ended up in the hospital unexpectedly and are stuck with a confusing or large bill, make an appointment to visit with the billing department afterward to go over the charges, get answers to your questions and to make payment arrangements if possible. Hospitals know some patients have no intention of paying, so making the extra effort to show you want to resolve your bill can pay off.

If it sounds like a lot of work, it is. But it can be worth it if it helps you avoid a collection account on your credit reports for the next seven years.

In Heather’s case, she ended up paying the additional copay rather than fight it. She knows that if she can’t fix a mistake, it must be that much harder for the average patient. “There needs to be a place for patients to go where they have an advocate,” she says. “If you’ve paid your insurance and provided your information you shouldn’t be at their mercy.”

Image: takomabibelot, via Flickr

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  • Carlene Daigneault

    You’re so right! This reminds me of my son’s second visit for immunization too, and they’ve charged it when it’s supposed to be at no charge. I was really a bit disappointed at the time but I’ve learned that it isn’t after all the medical billing clerks fault I felt sorry for what I have said to them during that time. Although when I learned that it wasn’t their fault I personally asked for an apology and fortunately they are just patient about it. From then on I am keeping track of files for my insurance company.

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  • Physician billing services

    It is the best for medical care in this, One complexity of health care and medical billing is when you have a patient with multiple health benefits that are paid by multiple insurance companies. I have Medicare and Tricare for Life. Thanks for sharing your methods.

  • Ryan

    Good article as I was unaware of “Balance billing”. I just had this scenario for a $25.00 Balance. I can now call them and get it straight.

  • Pingback: Time for a Fair Medical Billing Act | News + Advice()

  • brian

    The area where I live has two large medical corporations competing to be the biggest, richest, largest, most enormous and powerful and only medical providers in the area (i.e., monopolies.) They don’t even bother to file claims with the patients’ insurance companies any more. They just send the bill for the full charge (or “rack rate,” I hear it is called) to the patient, despite Illinois being one of the states that has a law prohibiting balance-billing. If you call them to ask why they are billing you before having submitted a claim to the insurance company, they ignore the question and offer to take your payment over the phone. The doctors I’ve talked to about why I can no longer afford to see them due to billing policies SHOW NO CONCERN and NEVER offer to do anything about it, despite it being illegal.

    The corporations buy up all competition so it’s increasingly difficult to find a good doctor. If they haven’t yet bought up a group of specialists, they get doctors who do not even have the minimal qualifications in a specialty to present themselves as if they do. I became suspicious when my “rheumatologist” lied about winning a malpractice lawsuit, discovering that he had instead settled for $1 million. It turned out he wasn’t board certified in rheumatology, having chosen to end his specialty training prematurely. However, he was part of the “Rheumatology Department” at the big corporation, talked about new rheumatology drugs he said he’d heard of at his specialty convention, but always found an excuse to avoid prescribing them (perhaps a condition of his malpractice insurance after the patient in the aforemetioned lawsuit died from him prescribing the wrong dose of medicine), so these docs are employed to be specialists they aren’t because the policy is not to refer outside of the corporation, even if the corporation don’t have the specialist a patient needs – just pretend, like just pretend the patient owes the bill that the insurance company hasn’t been charged for. I’d like to know how big the incentive is for the medical people who work in these places to sell their souls. It must be quite a salary.

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  • Kay

    I recently received a letter from a collection company saying I owe an ambulance service money which is news to me, I never once received a bill for it and the letter states it’s going to collections if I don’t respond, and I have another saying I owe a hospital money from when I broke my nose and even have it marked on my credit report! I never knew about it until I saw that they reported an address that doesn’t even exist on my credit report! What should I do in this situation?

    • Gerri Detweiler

      Kay – When did all of this happen? Did you have insurance at the time? Did you see any Explanations of Benefits from your insurer at the time?

  • Kim

    I had surgery performed by an ENT. I am now in collections. When I registered as a new patient I was advised my medical card would be accepted. AFTER surgery I was told they accepted KY medical cards but not IL medical cards (we are located in cities merely across the river from each other). The receptionist that completed my new patient registration made a copy of my medical card. Is this my responsibility or a billing error on their part?

  • Shawn Stewart

    My daughter had blood work about 4 years ago, she was 11. I never received a bill from the lab, but now my daughter has been sent to collections. Who is responsible for making sure the information is correct and how do I get this off her credit?

    • Gerri Detweiler

      If it is on her credit reports, get a copy of the reports and dispute it in writing. If they don’t remove it you’ll need to either get a consumer law attorney involved or file a complaint with the CFPB. You may want to read: A Step-By-Step Guide to Disputing Credit Report Mistakes

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