Identity Theft

Why Shredding Your Documents Isn’t Enough

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In a digital age, a shredder won’t protect you against many common forms of identity theft. But that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t bother getting one.

When most people think about identity theft, they often still think in terms of physical theft. There’s a classic image of cat burglars rifling through your trash in the dead of night, pulling out bank statements and credit card offers and using them to steal funds or open fraudulent accounts in your name. It’s for this reason that identity theft experts recommend getting a shredder to destroy any sensitive documents before disposing of them.

But stealing disposed documents is just one way that thieves can get at your financial data – and according to some experts, it’s an increasingly rare crime. Javelin Strategies, a financial services research firm, conducts an annual survey of identity theft victims, which includes asking them how their data was accessed. For years one option was “people accessed my records out of trash,” but according to Javelin president Jim Van Dyke, that category kept shrinking until it became statistically insignificant, leading them to remove it as an option on the survey. For this reason, Van Dyke says that relying on shredding as your main line of defense represents an outdated approach.

“I think shredding is absolutely overrated,” he says. “It’s a 1962 protection method.

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Free Credit Check & MonitoringMore important, he says, is implementing computer security safeguards, which includes installing security software, using a password on your wireless router, and avoiding conducting financial transactions on public wi-fi networks. He also warns against phishing scams, in which scammers pose as a financial institution in an attempt to trick you into handing over sensitive information.

Mobile security is also important, as people increasingly use smartphones to conduct financial transactions and store data. Ondrej Krehel, information security officer for Identity Theft 911, says that it’s important to use password protection on your phone and have a program in place that enables you to wipe the phone of sensitive data in the event that it’s lost or stolen. He also recommends downloading updated operating system software to make sure you’re up-to-date with the latest security patches. And you should also consider a mobile security program, especially if you’re using a malware-prone platform like Android.

But even if you’re using shredding every piece of paper in your home and taking every possible online security precaution, there are still methods of stealing your identity that are almost completely out of your control. Van Dyke says that his credit card number has been stolen on multiple occasions during transactions at local retailers, and he also points out that a thief who doesn’t feel like rifling through your garbage can just as easily intercept incoming bank statements by opening up your mailbox. For this reason, he says that your best tool is vigilance.

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“Sign up for e-alerts [from your bank], monitor your statements electronically and turn paper documents off,” he advises. You might not be able to prevent every avenue of identity theft, but you can minimize the damage if you monitor your accounts and immediately notify the bank of unusual account activity.

The bottom line is that shredding only protects you against one relatively rare form of identity theft, so account monitoring and online security should probably be your priorities. But even if identity thieves aren’t dumpster diving as much as they used to, it would still be foolish to completely disregard the importance of document shredding.

“I think a lot of people assume that since so much is electronic, no one would go dumpster diving,” says Shirley Inscoe, senior analyst for the Aite Group, a financial services research firm. “You would think that it’s a thing of the past, but in reality it’s really not.”

She points to the numerous documents that can be used to commit some form of fraud, a list that includes everything from bank statements to preapproved credit card offers to letters from your doctor or insurance company. Even an expired credit card can be used by a smart thief, so that too must be shredded before disposal.

“If you’ve got a fraudster familiar with the issuing financial institution, they can figure out what the new expiration date is,” she says. “It’s the same account number and the name is the same, so that info can be used to commit fraud.”

And while it’s true that a shredder can’t protect you against a thief who simply steals those documents from your mailbox, Michael Barnett of the Identity Theft Protection Association says that there’s a very good reason why thieves may prefer dumpster diving to mail theft.

[Related Article: 5 Stupid Ways You're Ruining Your Credit]

“Stealing mail out of your box is a federal offense, whereas many courts have upheld that once you’ve thrown out your garbage, you no longer have an expectation of privacy,” he says.

So even in this digital age, a shredder is still a must-have tool if you want to protect yourself from fraud. And it’s also important to remember that not all shredders are created equal, with some low-end models leaving pieces big enough for particularly ambitious thieves to reassemble. Earlier this year, for instance, a couple in southern California was charged with committing check fraud by stealing and reassembling shredded documents from a self-storage facility, acquiring routing and bank account numbers in the process. It’s for this reason that some shredder manufacturers advertise that their product produces much tinier pieces than the competition, with “cross-cutting” models that turn your documents into confetti rather than spaghetti.

Such cases are, admittedly, very rare; Van Dyke says that it typically only happens in cases of corporate espionage, and Inscoe says that she doesn’t have any personal experience with identity thieves going to such lengths. Nevertheless, Barnett says that it’s worth paying a little extra for a top-of-the-line model that won’t leave anything that can be salvaged.

“Most thieves aren’t looking to reconstruct a jigsaw puzzle,” he says. “But the cost of a cross-cut shredderisn’t much more, and the extra security is worth the extra cost.”

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Image: Sh4rp_i, via Flickr

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